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Course Listing for Upper School and ESL

Below you will find a listing of the courses offered in the summer of 2017. We hope this information will help you begin to plan your summer experience at Andover!

As you read through the course descriptions, we hope you notice how many opportunities there are to learn about a completely new topic or pursue an interest beyond your usual course of study. While the traditional disciplines can strengthen your academic skills, innovative subjects can broaden your academic experience and possibly introduce you to a future vocation. 

Summer at Andover is about exploring new interests and expanding your understanding of the world around you; as such, we offer a wide variety of courses to appeal to the inner scientist, artist, author, analyst, actor, or philosopher inside you!

You should give careful thought to selecting courses and alternates. If a class must be cancelled, we reassign students to their alternate choices and notify them of the changes to their programs of study. It is difficult to make changes once Summer Session has begun.

Applicants to our Upper School courses must be rising 9th through 12th graders. Please note that some Upper School courses have additional prerequisites and grade limits.

Visual and Performing Arts

Our visual and performing arts courses take advantage of the extensive resources of Phillips Academy to expose students to art in all of its forms, both as creators and as viewers. Students have the opportunity to explore a variety of genres, using the latest technology to create computer graphics or films, working with clay in our ceramics studio and kilns, and writing and performing in the Tang Theater. There's something for everyone here at Andover, as students learn to express themselves and create art in all of its forms.

Acting and Play Production

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

Working from the ground up, students learn how to use their minds, bodies, and voices as professional actors do. Beginning with physical and vocal exercises, improvisation games, and other ensemble-building workshops, the course then moves on to more advanced acting techniques. Students learn about scene and character analysis, objectives, obstacles, subtext, status, stakes, back story, and internal conflict.

They also explore a wide range of dramatic form and structure by studying several canonical plays, as well as work by the up-and-coming playwrights of today. The course culminates in the production of an evening of polished five- to 10-minute scenes presented to the entire Summer Session audience.

Animation

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

Designed for students who wish to see their artwork come to life, this course explores different animation techniques such as drawing directly on film, cutouts, claymation, sand, flip books, and drawn animation. Basic movement and timing, soundtrack/dialogue synchronization, and editing are covered. All projects are shot and edited on our state-of-the-art computers and professional production and editing software. A wide range of animated films are screened throughout the summer. No prerequisites or requirements; just bring lots of imagination.

Ceramics

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

This course discusses the elements of three-dimension- al design and focuses on the creative potential of the student. Ceramics at Phillips Academy is comparable to ceramics courses taught at art schools and select universities; the Academy is equipped with facilities for pit firing, high fire gas, and Raku. Techniques, glazes, and firing procedures are introduced with the support of books, slides, and visits to the campus’s Addison Gallery of American Art and Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology.

Digital Photography

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

Students learn the basics of photography and how to use digital cameras. Students scan their images into Adobe Photoshop, where they can transform them by adding color and using the program’s many altering techniques. Through this class, students gain an understanding of photography and how technology can help change their images. The ultimate challenge is for students to push their creative limits.

Students are encouraged to bring a digital camera; those who do not have one are welcome to borrow one for the duration of the program.

Drawing and Painting

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

The fundamental elements of drawing—line, shape, value, perspective, and composition—are emphasized in the initial weeks of this course. Students are introduced to a variety of materials (graphite, charcoal, ink, and acrylic) through a series of exercises that celebrate drawing as a creative act. From drawing, students can expand into the realm of painting and mixed media, working from a variety of approaches.

Graphic Design

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

Have you ever tried to design a poster, flyer, business card, yearbook, or class presentation and been stymied by the considerable choices you must make? In our information-driven society, graphic design principles and concepts are needed more than ever to bring balance, clarity, and visual appeal to all varieties of content. According to noted graphic designer Paul Rand, “To design is much more than simply to assemble, to order, or even to edit; it is to add value and meaning, to illuminate, to simplify, to clarify, to modify, to dignify, to dramatize, to persuade, and perhaps even to amuse. To design is to transform prose into poetry. Design broadens perception, magnifies experience, and enhances vision. Design is the product of feeling and awareness, of ideas that originate in the mind of the spectator.”

Intensive Film Workshop

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

This course is for students interested in making a serious commitment to expressing themselves through the motion picture. This intensive program leads students through an exploration of each aspect of filmmaking, from the conception of an idea to the final steps in editing. The course is segmented to include film development, pre-production scheduling, production, and editing. Students explore the genre of the fiction film, studying the styles and techniques of various filmmakers. Projects are produced using some of today’s most technologically advanced materials and systems, available on campus in the Polk-Lillard Electronic Imaging Center. Students gain a greater film/video vocabulary as well as a technical background allowing them to continue with filmmaking.

Studio Art

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

Do you want to become a better artist? Would you like to create a body of quality artwork that can be used later in a college portfolio? Learn the tools of the studio artist. Through study of the elements and principles of design, students will create various works of art using a variety of media. Techniques in painting, drawing, printmaking, and computer design are the course’s primary focus. Classic subjects such as portraits, still lifes,

Web Design and Advanced Computer Graphics

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

This course introduces students to the fundamentals of design on the computer and concentrates on software programs to enhance their skills. Using the computer as a creative tool, students blend photography, type, sound, video, animation, and interactivity. While studying various artists who utilize different media to understand the elements of design, students develop computer skills to express themselves visually. Students work on various projects throughout Summer Session, creating digital collages, a short movie, and a website that incorporates animation and sound.

Computer Science

Our computer science courses explore the basics of the ever-changing world of technology. Students create games and simulations, delve deeply into the intricacies of programming, and work to understand the mysteries of the technological languages that dictate much of how we see and understand the world in this modern age.

Web Design and Advanced Computer Graphics

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

This course introduces students to the fundamentals of design on the computer and concentrates on software programs to enhance their skills. Using the computer as a creative tool, students blend photography, type, sound, video, animation, and interactivity. While studying various artists who utilize different media to understand the elements of design, students develop computer skills to express themselves visually. Students work on various projects throughout Summer Session, creating digital collages, a short movie, and a website that incorporates animation and sound.

Introduction to Programming

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

This course provides a graphical introduction to computer programming for students with no previous programming experience. Students explore the basics of computer programming while creating animations, games, and simulations. Topics include object-oriented programming, variables, decisions, events, and the basics of game design in a graphical environment. Students do not need a strong high school math background, making this an ideal course for younger students. Though the course is not taught with a traditional programming language, all concepts can be transferred to other object-oriented languages, such as Java and Visual Basic.

Programming in Java

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

Intended as an introduction to computer programming using traditional coding methods, this course emphasizes methodology, algorithms, data structures, code style, and the Java programming language, as suggested by the College Board for the Advanced Placement (AP) Computer Science exam. Students learn to design and implement computer-based solutions to a variety of problems. In addition, students design programs that are expandable and understandable, and they learn how and when to write code that is reusable. Although this is not an official AP course, students are exposed to most of the topics covered on the AP Computer Science exam and will learn how to create small, structured programs using the Java language. Prerequisite: completion of Algebra II

English

Our English courses challenge students to read, write, analyze, discuss, and debate. Students will be able to build their skills through interaction with peers, teachers, and tutors in our Writing Center. In all of our courses, students actively engage with one another and with teachers to discuss thoughtful ideas and develop critical thinking skills as well as to learn about the process of writing, editing, and revising.

Creative Writing

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

This course is for students who think of writing as an art, not just a useful skill. Students read and write in several genres—short story, poetry, and nonfiction memoir—using the readings as models for their own work. In their writing, students are expected to develop mastery of fundamental techniques of good writing, from basic grammar and usage to metaphorical language and plot structure. Required to write daily, revise, and produce polished final drafts as well as share in class, students begin to transform raw talent into true skill.

Writing the College Essay

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

This course will move students through the brainstorm- ing, drafting, and revision process to create a set of polished essays that can be used during the college application process. Focusing on the prompts released by the Common Application as well as addressing common short-answer questions, this course will sup- port students in creating essays that represent their individual personalities and ambitions. Students will be required to write daily, participate in workshop activities and critiques, and reflect on their own life experiences.

Speech and Debate

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

In a survey, 3,000 Americans were asked what they dreaded most. Public speaking came in first—ahead of death! Yet in an encouraging classroom atmosphere, students can overcome this fear as they are taught to improve both the delivery and the content of their public speaking. Students write, revise, and speak extensively and are introduced to competitive high school speech activities, such as extemporaneous speaking, impromptu speech, and Lincoln-Douglas debate. Close analysis of contemporary American political speeches and research of controversial topics such as the death penalty, abortion, and gun control provide issues for classroom debate. Students develop an invaluable skill that will serve them for the rest of their lives. This course assumes no prior knowledge of public speaking or debate.

Writing for Success

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

The most important writing course students will ever take and the most sought-after writing course at Andover, Writing for Success emphasizes essay composition as a craft and exposes students to different uses and combinations of rhetorical modes, including definition, description, narration, process, comparison, and analysis. Over the course of the program, students practice constructing effective sentences and paragraphs to suit a variety of topics, audiences, and aims. By writing every day, as well as reading and discussing the style and mechanics of published essays, students experience writing as a rewardingly rigorous, recursive, and creative process that involves brainstorming, planning, composing, editing, reverse outlining, and constructive peer review.

Contemporary Authors

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

This course offers students the opportunity to develop an in-depth understanding and appreciation of a range of different writers. It focuses on students’ abilities to read novels, plays, short stories, and/or essays actively and to write articulately. This critical reading and writing course challenges students to confront a variety of written and visual texts and encourages them to see writing as a valuable tool. It helps them see themselves as independent thinkers and teaches them how to give voice to their thoughts through the written word. A variety of books and authors will be examined.

Shakespeare

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 1

This course offers students the opportunity to develop an in-depth understanding and appreciation of William Shakespeare through text, performance, and film. With an emphasis on building fluency and confidence in the language of Shakespeare, students will explore and discuss his use of language, the content and context of his work, and his continued relevance. Multiple film versions complement course readings and discussions, and students will engage in a variety of learning experiences, including recitations, analytical writing, creative writing, scene presentations, and film projects.

English as a Second Language

English as a Second Language courses offer the non-native English speaker who already has a basic knowledge of conversational English the opportunity to become more proficient and comfortable in the skill areas of speaking, listening, grammar, reading, and writing in the English language. All students enrolled in the ESL program are asked to take an exam and participate in an interview once on campus to determine appropriate placement in the ESL Core Course.They also choose a second course. Classes are small and highly interactive and students learn by reading a variety of texts, watching films, field trips, homework, and supplementary assignments.

The ESL Study Center is opened every evening to provide students one-on-one tutoring time with their instructors.

ESL Core Course

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

The PERIOD 1 course sections of ESL are divided into levels according to the results of a placement process that includes a placement examination and an interview administered shortly after arrival. Classes are offered to meet the needs of students who are highly proficient in English as well as those who need more practice and support. (A beginner’s level course is not offered; students should have scored above 450 on the paper-based TOEFL, above 133 on the TOEFL CBT, or above 45 on the TOEFL iBT.) While all classes stress the development of competencies in the skills of reading, writing, listening, and speaking, close attention is paid to individual needs. Students are exposed to a wide variety of English materials and are expected to understand and respond to course materials that include, but are not limited to, American literature– based texts across a broad range of genres, films, articles, and nonfiction. Classes are small (typically 12 students) and highly interactive, and it is not unusual to find eight or more cultures represented in any given group.

ESL: A Multimedia Approach to American Culture

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

This intermediate/advanced course takes a close look at American culture through important historical events and documents of popular culture. Various media are investigated to gain a more complete understanding of the United States and its people. We examine American newspapers and see the United States through a number of films that focus on specific themes in American culture. Students should be comfortable expressing themselves in both written and spoken English.

ESL: Preparing for the TOEFL

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

The purpose of this class is to help students improve their performance on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). Four different means of language- skill acquisition and improvement are utilized: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. After a general introduction to the test format, each section of the TOEFL (Listening Comprehension; Written Expression and Speaking Ability; Reading Comprehension) is considered in detail. Working individually and in groups, students read selections from various newspaper and magazine sources and practice extensively in a test preparation text. This course is designed for high-intermediate–level students whose goals include studying at a U.S. college or university.

ESL: Speak Up!

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

In this ESL course, students engage in a variety of exercises to improve their proficiency in conversational English. Discussions, role-play skits, poetry, debates, and extemporaneous and prepared speeches place students at the center of the learning process and expand both the breadth and depth of their spoken English. Students learn the art of the presentation, arming them with the tools, skills and resources to deliver effective presentations - including a final oral presentation. In order to increase students’ comfort in a broad range of situations, topics for the various activities range from the mundane to the profound. Some exercises revolve around practical everyday situations, while others involve discussing topics on a deeper intellectual level. Students are challenged to employ new vocabulary, converse using complex sentence structures, and express difficult ideas. They work on pronunciation skills. Recognizing the key role of listening in any meaningful conversation, the course also focuses extensively on listening skills. This course is designed for students who are not comfortable speaking with native speakers of English and/or those who have not had many opportunities to speak English.

ESL: Writing, Presenting and Defending Your Work

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

Reading, writing, and speaking fluently in complex academic English are essential skills in which any advanced ESL student needs to excel. This course is designed to give students the analytical reading and writing skills required for success in the pre-university scholastic environment. Assignments involve researching various topics, composing papers, and extensive presenting and defending of oral arguments. At the end of this class, students will have successfully defended their oral presentations to the class on numerous occasions, and developed the skills to confidently speak before the class in English in an academic setting.

ESL: Writing the Essay

Grades 9-11

PERIOD 2

Designed for intermediate-level learners, this course assists students in becoming familiar with the standard five-paragraph essay structure. The course aims to explore writing through analysis of relevant topics and themes. Students learn and practice different forms of the essay, including, but not limited to, persuasive, compare and contrast, and cause and effect styles. Constructive feedback on both organizational and grammatical structures is provided. Students also may be asked to present their work orally, but the focus of this course is on the improvement in the expression of ideas in clear written English.

History and Social Science

Given our ever-changing “global” world, it seems more necessary than ever to have a reflective understanding of history from many different perspectives. Our History and Social Science courses help students gain knowledge in different areas and encourage dialogue within a dynamic environment

Great Issues and Controversies of the Modern World

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

This course takes an in-depth look at an important global issue by using the critical skills of reading, writing, and analysis to view a specific topic as well as utilizing on-campus resources such as the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and the Addison Gallery of American Art. Students improve their writing skills through exams, essays, and papers; their speaking skills through in-class discussions; and their analytical skills through readings and debates. By focusing on these objectives, students not only increase their knowledge of a contemporary issue, but also sharpen the tools that are necessary in any discipline. The overarching goals are to learn more about the world, apply the material to improve their skill objectives, and continue to follow world events beyond this Summer Session course.

International Relations

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

This course is designed to stimulate students’ interest in global politics. As a result of their experiences in the class, they become more astute observers of global politics and learn to better understand the global issues facing the world today. Strong emphasis is placed on both the historical background and the realities of our globalizing world. Students are assigned readings and gain considerable experience in utilizing library sources emphasizing a variety of viewpoints. Much attention is given to the development of critical thinking, and a large portion of the course is devoted to activities that promote student involvement. Students engage in seminars and become involved in a major simulation modeled on the United Nations, utilizing debate, negotiation, and decision-making skills.

Law and Society

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

In this course you will learn about the foundations of the American legal system and how they apply to social, economic, political, and individual issues. We will delve into issues of law, crime prevention, conflict resolution, advocacy, and human rights through a combination of case studies, legal analyses, and mock trials. This class will study several landmark cases from the American legal system’s history and explore their impact on our society, while considering how the precedents set in these cases apply to current issues. If you love discussion, if legal issues intrigue you, if you’re thinking about studying law, or you just want to look at society from a new point of view, this is the class for you.

Money, Economy, and Society

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

Have you ever considered how the laws of economics affect you? Study these laws and you have at your dis- posal a powerful tool for making personal decisions and understanding the world around you. Why does LeBron James earn tens of millions of dollars and the president of the United States only a tiny fraction of that? Can we eliminate poverty by writing checks to the poor? Should companies be allowed to buy and sell rights to pollute? Should you put your college money in a savings account or in the stock market? This course provides a nonmath- ematical overview of macro- and microeconomics theory and a forum for lively and provocative debate.

Personal Finance

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

Cross-listed in the social sciences and math departments, this course aims to develop students’ financial literacy skills, emphasizing real-world applications of mathematics in the areas where students will need to be most skilled when they become financially independent. Budgeting, learning to borrow and invest wisely, understanding the stock market and basics of investing, and planning for major purchases and life events all will be covered. Through a combination of reading, research, simulation activities, projects, and data analysis, students will learn to prepare for their financial futures. Prerequisite: successful completion of a year of algebra

Psychology: Current Issues

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

The goal of this course is to introduce students to the fundamental concepts, theories, and branches of psychology. Through a combination of student-centered activities, readings, discussions, and contemporary films, we investigate topics such as adjustment, personality traits, psychological disorders and group dynamics. Students also explore psychological ideas that are directly relevant to their adolescent experiences, such as developing healthy relationships and identity formation. No previous background in psychology is required.

Social Psychology

Grades 9-12 (*Please note that this differs from the printed course catalogue. This course is open to all Upper School students.)

PERIOD 1

This course is an introduction to the theories and applications of social psychology in research, academic, and social settings. Through class activities and discussions, students experience and reflect on constructs of social psychology that they will have read about in scientific settings. Students also are involved in discussing the relevance of gender and ethnic diversity in the construction of social values, with specific focus on their own lives and experiences. Topics include group dynamics, conformity, self-knowledge, attitude formation and change, interpersonal attraction, prejudice, and aggression.

Sports Psychology

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

This course focuses on the neurological and affective or behavioral components of athletes involved in sports and recreational environments. Students are introduced to the history, principles, concepts, and topics of sports psychology in relation to other disciplines, such as biochemistry, biology, anatomy and physiology, and sociology, as well as contemporary issues and practices relevant to the field. Material is introduced and evaluated through discussion, research, practical lab applications, and written assignments. This course is recommended for anyone who is interested in the behavioral life sciences or the ways sports psychology principles may be applied in our daily lives.

Mathematics

Our mathematics offerings allow students to either strengthen their skills or to dive into new topics in preparation for their mathematics courses in the coming school years. All mathematics students take a placement test shortly after arrival on campus to confirm they have been assigned to the appropriate courses. Students must have a Texas Instruments TI-84 graphing calculator or its equivalent for all math courses.

Calculus

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2  

This course is for students who have successfully completed two years of algebra and a yearlong pre-calculus course that includes trigonometry. It is an accelerated mathematics course for strong math students and covers many of the topics in the Advanced Placement curriculum, including limits and continuity, derivatives and their applications, indefinite and definite integrals, techniques and applications of integration, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Prerequisite: two years of algebra and one year of trigonometry.

Geometry

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

For students who have had a strong elementary algebra course but no geometry, this course is a thorough study of the fundamentals of geometry. The development of logical, structured proofs and deductive reasoning is emphasized. Along with numerical solutions to problems, topics include basic postulates of geometry, lines and angles, congruent triangles, parallel lines in the plane and in space, quadrilaterals and polygons, circles, similar triangles and other figures, and the Pythagorean Theorem. Prerequisite: a yearlong course in elementary algebra.

Intensive Algebra Review

Grades 9-10

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

This course reviews and reinforces math skills found in the pre-algebra and Algebra I curriculum. It should provide a solid foundation for Algebra II and Intermediate Algebra. Topics include graphing and solving of both linear and quadratic functions, systems of equations, and properties of exponents. Prerequisite: successful completion of a year of algebra.

Topics in Intermediate Algebra and Pre-calculus

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

This course focuses on intermediate algebra and precal- culus topics, which are prerequisites for calculus and nec- essary for success in subsequent mathematics courses. Students take a placement test upon arrival on campus; they are then placed in a section in which they will be appropriately challenged in order to dramatically enhance their math skills. Performance on the placement test may result in some students being placed in Intensive Algebra Review. Topics that may be covered in a particular section include linear systems of equations, linear functions, quadratic functions, polynomial functions, logarithmic functions, and radical functions. Additional topics may include sequences and series, counting and probability, matrices, and partial fractions. A graphical calculator will be used in class, enabling students to gain both a graphi- cal and an algebraic understanding of concepts. Prerequisite: two years of algebra.

Trigonometry

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 2

This course offers a comprehensive study of circular and trigonometric functions. Topics include radian measure, trigonometric functions, trigonometric equations, solving right triangles, graphing trigonometric functions, inverse trigonometric functions, law of sines, and law of cosines. Trigonometry will be used to model real-life applications. Prerequisite: one year each of algebra and geometry.

Personal Finance

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

Cross-listed in the social sciences and math depart- ments, this course aims to develop students’ financial literacy skills, emphasizing real-world applications of mathematics in the areas where students will need to be most skilled when they become financially independent. Budgeting, learning to borrow and invest wisely, understanding the stock market and basics of investing, and planning for major purchases and life events will all be covered. Through a combination of reading, research, simulation activities, projects, and data analysis, students will learn to prepare for their financial futures. Prerequisite: successful completion of one year of algebra.

Philosophy/Religion

Have you ever wondered about the “why” of things? Have you ever wondered about the “big” questions in life? Here is your chance to discover what the study of philosophy and ethics is all about. Our course offerings help students understand what the questions are and how to discuss them meaningfully.

Introduction to Ethics

Grades 11-12

PERIOD 2

Why should I be moral? Are there any universal ethical principles? What does it mean to live the good life? What obligations do I have toward others? These questions lie at the heart of what it means to be human. This course takes up these questions as it introduces students to texts and concepts in moral philosophy. Students read and engage in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, Kant, J.S. Mill, and the Bible in order to clarify, challenge, and deepen their own understanding of reason, human nature, duty, and happiness. Class time features reading, discussion, and the use of film to examine these topics and others.

Introduction to Philosophy

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 1

This course serves as a survey of some of the major questions with which students, philosophers, and others have wrestled throughout the course of Western civilization: What exists and how do we know its nature? What can we know and how can we know it? Are there moral absolutes and how do we know them? Students engage one another and the authors in conversation and are challenged to express their own ideas on subjects, in addition to articulating those of the authors. They also develop their abilities to think, speak, write carefully and critically, and reflect on their beliefs. All texts used in this class are primary sources. Students also enjoy the close proximity of Walden Pond, where H.D. Thoreau wrote his masterpiece, Walden, taking a field trip there in conjunction with one of the readings.

Science

With course levels ranging from introductory to Advanced Placement prep, our science offerings really do cover everything under the sun - and beyond. Our science courses offer students the opportunity to explore a new area of study or to strengthen their understanding in a particular field of interest as they get ready for the new school year. Courses take advantage of the Gelb Science Center and its associated laboratories and observatory to study everything from the microscopic to the interstellar. Please review the course descriptions and prerequisites carefully when making your selections.

Introduction to Astronomy

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 1

Modern astronomy is a quest for a greater understanding of the evolution and diversity of the universe, as well as an application of critical thinking skills to broader questions in physics, chemistry, biology, and environmental science. This class examines both the current state of the science along with the future avenues of research and discovery. Topics include traditional areas of emphasis such as the electromagnetic spectrum, light, telescopes, navigating the night sky, solar system formation, the planets, global climate change, comets and asteroids, the sun, and the lifecycle of stars.

We also apply a critical analysis to the broader questions that include the search for life in the universe and connections to life in niches on this planet. We keep a close eye on current research and examine the history of science through the eyes of nonconventional thinkers, including Einstein and Galileo. Lastly, we examine some of the more exotic subjects that are stretching the limits of modern science, such as black holes, ion propulsion, dark energy, and life in extreme environments. We make use of the extraordinary imagery and resources available here at Phillips Academy, including the state-of-the- art observatory in Gelb Science Center. Throughout the session, students engage the science critically and capture a snapshot of this emerging field of science. Prerequisite: one year of chemistry or physics and/or algebra.

Biology: First Year

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and Period 2 

This is an intensive introductory discussion and laboratory course designed to investigate and explore general biological concepts and principles. Units covered include membrane structure and function, enzyme function, the eukaryotic cell cycle and mitosis, DNA structure and replication, the flow of genetic information from DNA to RNA to protein, histology, and animal form and function. Scientific writing is also emphasized. The framework of the course is a student’s conceptual understanding of biology; however, an emphasis is placed on process and interconnectedness, rather than an accumulation of facts.

Biology: Prep for Advanced Placement

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 2

This course is designed for highly motivated students who have taken a year of biology and want to delve deeper into the subject matter or for students who will be taking AP Biology in the coming school year and want to be better prepared for the rigors of that course. This fast-paced course involves classroom discussion and problem solving, as well as practical lab work. Utilizing a college-level textbook, the course covers topics at a depth equivalent to that of an introductory college biology course. Prerequisite: one year of biology.

Chemistry: First Year

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2 

This course is geared toward highly motivated students who show an interest in science and have demonstrated strong mathematical and conceptual abilities. As an introduction to chemistry, this intensive course teaches students essential chemical principles such as stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding theories, and the properties of gases, liquids, solids, and solutions. The very fundamental concepts of chemical equilibrium and acid-base chemistry also are presented, and students are introduced to the topic of electrochemistry. The course is balanced by a combination of lectures, problem-solving exercises, and laboratory work, giving students a strong foundation in chemistry. Requirement: Texas Instruments TI-84 graphing calculator or its equivalent. Prerequisite: one year of algebra.

Chemistry: Prep for Advanced Placement

Grades 10-12

PERIOD 2 

This course is intended for highly motivated students who are getting ready to take an AP Chemistry course and have demonstrated strong mathematical and conceptual abilities. Students review essential chemical principles such as stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding theories, and the properties of gases, liquids, solids, and solutions. The very fun- damental concepts of chemical equilibrium and acid- base chemistry also are presented, and students are introduced to the topic of electrochemistry. The course is balanced by a combination of lectures, problem-solving exercises, and laboratory work. Utilizing a college-level textbook, the course covers topics at a depth equivalent to that of an introductory college chemistry course. Requirement: Texas Instruments TI-84 graphing calculator or its equivalent. Prerequisite: one year of algebra and one year of chemistry.

The Dynamic Body

Grades 11-12

PERIOD 1

This course focuses on the anatomical and physiological workings of the human body. Among the anatomy and physiology topics introduced are histology, kinesiology, cardiology, and genetics. Students learn to identify ana- tomical structures and their functions in relation to daily bodily activities. Student work is assessed through written reports, examinations, lab practicals based on dissection, and research topics. Students have the opportunity to leave this course with their own portfolio materials that are focused on topics introduced in the class setting.

Environmental Science

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2

Climate change, species extinction, devastating tropical storms, and nuclear disasters—all of these topics, and more, will be explored through our introduction to the interdisciplinary field of environmental science. Students learn scientific methodology through hands-on biology- and ecology-based lab investigations using the 500-acre Phillips Academy campus as well as the rich diversity of ecosystems within a short drive of the school. Students also will use class time and field work to study the environment in terms of history, social context, economics, and sustainability. Students will identify and analyze environmental problems (both natural and human-made) and examine possible solutions for resolving and/or preventing them.

Marine Biology

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1

Students are introduced to several different aspects of ma- rine biology through lectures, laboratory investigation, and field trips. Topics include, but are not limited to, oceanogra- phy, marine invertebrate and vertebrate zoology (includ- ing physiological adaptations to a marine environment), aquaculture, and ecology of the various habitats within aquatic ecosystems. We examine the physical and chemical properties of seawater, organisms that have evolved to an aquatic environment, the physiological and behavioral adaptations those organisms have developed, and the dif- ferent ecosystems within different oceanic zones. Students should have a background in biology and chemistry.

Physics: First Year

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2 Offering

TThis course covers the main ideas of mechanics and provides a solid foundation of concepts, confidence in problem solving, and exposure to laboratory techniques. Although this course does not cover a full year’s worth of material, the techniques learned serve as excellent preparation for all introductory physics topics. Requirement: Texas Instruments TI-84 graphing calculator or its equivalent. Prerequisite: one year of algebra.

Robots: Design! Build! Program!

All Grades 9-12

PERIOD 1 and PERIOD 2 Offering

The future is robotics! Science, math, engineering, creativity, and logic are combined in this exciting introductory robotics and robotics programming course. Designs incorporate Lego Tetrix, HiTechnic sensors, and RobotC programming. Students work in small groups to design, build, and program robotic solutions to challenges selected at the start of the program. As a culminating activity, students participate in the Summer Session Tech Challenge. If you never have worked with robots, come get your first taste. If you are experienced in robotics, come strengthen your skills.

The Solar System and Space Exploration

Grades 9-12

PERIOD 2

This course looks at the planets and the exploration of the solar system from the perspective of the past 50 years of human spaceflight. By making use of the rich array of images returned from the moon, Mars, and beyond, students explore and critically analyze these worlds in the context of their geologic evolution and the search for extraterrestrial life. The class examines the processes that have shaped the planets and moons of our solar system. Students explore the fundamentals of geology and meteorology on Earth and apply them to the rest of the solar system. Critical thinking is stressed in the context of comparative planetology. This class specifically looks at the formation of the solar system, the history of space exploration, missions to the moon and Mars, and the search for life.